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Oct 17, 2011

चाणक्य नीति [ हिंदी में ]: प्रथम अध्याय | Chanakya Neeti [In Hindi]: First Chapter

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Acharya Chanakya Neeti First Chapter in Hindi

चाणक्य नीति : प्रथम अध्याय | Chanakya Neeti In Hindi : First Chapter

१.  तीनो लोको के स्वामी सर्वशक्तिमान भगवान विष्णु  को नमन करते हुए मै एक राज्य के लिए  नीति  शास्त्र  के सिद्धांतों  को कहता हूँ.  मै यह सूत्र अनेक शास्त्रों का आधार ले कर कह रहा हूँ।  


1. Humbly bowing down before the almighty Lord Sri Vishnu, the Lord of the three worlds, I recite maxims of the science of political ethics (niti) selected from the various satras (scriptures).

2. जो व्यक्ति शास्त्रों के सूत्रों का अभ्यास करके ज्ञान ग्रहण करेगा उसे अत्यंत वैभवशाली कर्तव्य के सिद्धांत ज्ञात होगे। उसे इस बात का पता चलेगा कि किन बातों का अनुशरण करना चाहिए और किनका नहीं। उसे अच्छाई और बुराई का भी ज्ञात होगा और अंततः उसे सर्वोत्तम का भी ज्ञान होगा।  

2. That man who by the study of these maxims from the satras acquires a knowledge of the most celebrated principles of duty, and understands what ought and what ought not to be followed, and what is good and what is bad, is most excellent.

३. इसलिए लोगो का भला करने के लिए मै उन बातों को कहूंगा जिनसे लोग सभी चीजों को सही परिपेक्ष्य मे देखेगे।  
3.Therefore with an eye to the public good, I shall speak that which, when understood, will lead to an understanding of things in their proper perspective.

४. एक पंडित भी घोर कष्ट में आ जाता है यदि वह किसी मुर्ख को उपदेश देता है, यदि वह एक दुष्ट पत्नी का पालन-पोषण करता है या किसी दुखी व्यक्ति के साथ अतयंत घनिष्ठ सम्बन्ध बना लेता है.

4.Even a pandit comes to grief by giving instruction to a foolish disciple, by maintaining a wicked wife, and by excessive familiarity with the miserable.

५. दुष्ट पत्नी, झूठा मित्र, बदमाश नौकर और सर्प के साथ निवास साक्षात् मृत्यु के समान है।  
5. A wicked wife, a false friend, a saucy servant and living in a house with a serpent in it are nothing but death.

६ . व्यक्ति को आने वाली मुसीबतो से निबटने के लिए धन संचय करना चाहिए। उसे धन-सम्पदा त्यागकर भी पत्नी की सुरक्षा करनी चाहिए। लेकिन यदि आत्मा की सुरक्षा की बात आती है तो उसे धन और पत्नी दोनो को तुक्ष्य समझना चाहिए। 
6. One should save his money against hard times, save his wife at the sacrifice of his riches, but invariably one should save his soul even at the sacrifice of his wife and riches.

७ .भविष्य में आने वाली मुसीबतो के लिए धन एकत्रित करें। ऐसा ना सोचें की धनवान व्यक्ति को मुसीबत कैसी? जब धन साथ छोड़ता है तो संगठित धन भी तेजी से घटने लगता है।  
7. Save your wealth against future calamity. Do not say, "What fear has a rich man, of calamity?" When riches begin to forsake one even the accumulated stock dwindles away.

८.  उस देश मे निवास न करें जहाँ आपकी कोई ईज्जत नहीं हो, जहा आप रोजगार नहीं कमा सकते, जहा आपका कोई मित्र नहीं और जहा आप कोई ज्ञान आर्जित नहीं कर सकते।  
8. Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your livelihood, have no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge.

९ . ऐसे जगह एक दिन भी निवास न करें जहाँ निम्नलिखित पांच ना हो:
एक धनवान व्यक्ति ,
एक ब्राह्मण जो वैदिक शास्त्रों में निपुण हो,
एक राजा,
एक नदी ,
और एक चिकित्सक।  
9. Do not stay for a single day where there are not these five persons: a wealthy man, a brahmin well versed in Vedic lore, a king, a river and a physician.

१० .  बुद्धिमान व्यक्ति को ऐसे देश में कभी नहीं जाना चाहिए जहाँ :
रोजगार कमाने का कोई माध्यम ना हो,
जहा लोगों को किसी बात का भय न हो,
जहा लोगो को किसी बात की लज्जा न हो, 
जहा लोग बुद्धिमान न हो,
और जहाँ लोगो की वृत्ति दान धरम करने की ना हो।  
10. Wise men should never go into a country where there are no means of earning one's livelihood, where the people have no dread of anybody, have no sense of shame, no intelligence, or a charitable disposition.

११ . नौकर की परीक्षा तब करें जब वह कर्त्तव्य का पालन  न कर रहा हो, 
रिश्तेदार की परीक्षा तब करें जब आप मुसीबत मे घिरें हों,
मित्र की परीक्षा विपरीत परिस्थितियों मे करें,
और जब आपका वक्त अच्छा न चल रहा हो तब पत्नी की परीक्षा करे।  

१२ . अच्छा मित्र वही है जो हमे निम्नलिखित परिस्थितियों में  नहीं त्यागे:
आवश्यकता पड़ने पर,
किसी दुर्घटना पड़ने पर,
जब अकाल पड़ा हो,
जब युद्ध चल रहा हो,
जब हमे राजा के दरबार मे जाना पड़े,
और जब हमे समशान घाट जाना पड़े।  
12. He is a true friend who does not forsake us in time of need, misfortune, famine, or war, in a king's court, or at the crematorium (smasana).

१३ . जो व्यक्ति कसी नाशवंत चीज के लिए कभी नाश नहीं होने वाली चीज को छोड़ देता है, तो उसके हाथ से अविनाशी वस्तु तो चली ही जाती है और इसमे कोई संदेह नहीं की नाशवान को भी वह खो देता है।  
13. He who gives up what is imperishable for that which is perishable, loses that which is imperishable; and doubtlessly loses that which is perishable also.

१४ . एक बुद्धिमान व्यक्ति को किसी इज्जतदार घर की अविवाहित कन्या से किस वयंग होने के बावजूद भी विवाह करना चाहिए। उसे किसी हीन घर की अत्यंत सुन्दर स्त्री से भी विवाह नहीं करनी चाहिए। शादी-विवाह हमेशा बराबरी के घरो मे ही उिचत होता है।  
14. A wise man should marry a virgin of a respectable family even if she is deformed. He should not marry one of a low-class family, through beauty. Marriage in a family of equal status is preferable.

१५ . इन ५ पर कभी विश्वास ना करें :
१. नदियां, 
२. जिन व्यक्तियों के पास अश्त्र-शस्त्र हों, 
३. नाख़ून और सींग वाले पशु, 
४. औरतें (यहाँ संकेत भोली सूरत की तरफ है, बहने बुरा न माने )
५. राज घरानो के लोगो पर।  
15. Do not put your trust in rivers, men who carry weapons, beasts with claws or horns, women, and members of a royal family.

१६ . अगर हो सके तो विष मे से भी अमृत निकाल लें, 
यदि सोना गन्दगी में भी पड़ा हो तो उसे उठाये, धोएं और अपनाये,
निचले कुल मे जन्म लेने वाले से भी सर्वोत्तम ज्ञान ग्रहण करें, 
उसी तरह यदि कोई बदनाम घर की कन्या भी महान गुणो से संपनन है और आपको कोई सीख देती है तो गहण करे.
16. Even from poison extract nectar, wash and take back gold if it has fallen in filth, receive the highest knowledge (Krsna consciousness) from a low born person; so also a girl possessing virtuous qualities (stri-ratna) even if she were born in a disreputable family.

१७ .  महिलाओं में पुरुषों कि अपेक्षा: 
भूख दो गुना,
लज्जा चार गुना,
साहस छः गुना, 
और काम आठ गुना होती है।  

17. Women have hunger two-fold, shyness four-fold, daring six-fold, and lust eight-fold as compared to men.


                                                                                                         दूसरा अध्याय >>

अगर आपको ये  पोस्ट अच्छा लगा तो हमारे फेसबुक पेज को लाइक करें और हमें सपोर्ट करें।  धन्यवाद्! 

Note: Some thoughts of Chanakya may be offensive to women, or to Hindus born in so called low caste. I believe in complete equality between man and woman and we detest the Hindu caste system. We have decided to publish his thoughts exactly as written by Acharya Chanakya. We apologize to women, and to anyone else, who may be offended.

70 comments :

  1. really motivational thoughts

    -jay hindocha

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  2. grate thoughts

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  3. we are realy live a good and perfect life if we stand on that words


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  4. Great thougts......***
    tarunjing

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  5. great service by admin....practical guru

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  6. bhi vaah maan gye guru

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  7. Chankya was yugh purush

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  8. well said but some points need rethinking.

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  9. yr...i want to download these....but it is showin function disabled...plz help.

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  10. Hi, Download it from the following location:
    http://www.hindisahityadarpan.in/2012/10/download-chanakya-neeti.html

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  11. wah,,,,kya diologe h ... pr koi in p amal nhi krta..

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  12. vyavhar me laane yogya hai.

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  13. I WANT TO SEE HIM TODAY AND KNOW HOW HE APPLIES HIS THOUGHTS IN INDIAN DEMOCRACY

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  14. grate thought and like it

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  15. acharya chankya jaisa aur koi ho hi nhi skta

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  16. acharya chankya jaisa aur koi ho hi nhi skta

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  17. Ultimate knowlege for whole life .......ossmmm story ......

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  18. chanakya,my role model,proves himself,time n again,thru hhis sayings..
    R.E.S.P.E.C.T

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  19. salute you guru ji........

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  20. Guruji aap ki avshakta us wakt se jyada aaj hi...............sandy

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  21. aaj ke samay me kuchh thought sahi h,
    aur kuchh sahi nahi banti ,,

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  22. I want to read whole part of CHANAKYA NITI. I am belongs to Nepal. Chanakya is really great person. Please let me know(raju.ghimire@aepc.gov.np)how I can get either hindi or einglish version of Chanakya niti in pdf formate. Really appreciate for your feedback and mail.

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  23. Great thoughts....

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  24. i am not understand 13th adhyay

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  25. How demeaning thoughts he has against the woman and lower caste. A person who does not have respect for human life does not deserve respect. No doubt he was wise, but all that is applicable during stone age and not now. His theories are more for 3% upper caste who are self centered.

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    Replies
    1. lower caste means lower thought people.

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  26. all thoughts are awesome but i didn't like number 14 ,,, yaar is tarah to equality kabhi nahi aayegi .................Roshni

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  27. My name is Neeraj Verma, I want to read whole part of CHANAKYA NITI. I am belongs to Jammu And Kashmir. Chanakya is really great person. Please let me know(gankush21@gmail.com)how I can get either hindi or einglish version of Chanakya niti in pdf formate. Really appreciate for your feedback and mai

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  28. It is great job for study . thanx a lot.

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  29. i want to full containt of chanakya niti i m blong from guna mp email(p.k.kushwah2512gmail.com)

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  30. i want FULL HINDI AND ENGLISH CHANAKYA NITi i m blog from guna mp sorry above email wrong so my email( p.k.kushwah251@gmail.cm)pl help me

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    Replies
    1. Hi Pawan..the english version of chanakya neeti can be downloaded from the following link:
      http://www.hindisahityadarpan.in/2012/10/download-chanakya-neeti.html

      There is no hindi PDF compiled yet..WE would provide the download of hindi PDF very soon.Please stay connected.

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    2. hindi link..
      https://archive.org/details/HindiBook-chanakya-neeti-darpan

      if you want to see chanakya serial go for this link..
      http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLdA6vMQwkaTixvcVdsbNXJjFCns0b_b2m

      Delete
  31. जीवन जीने के सटीक उक्तियां है.जरुरत है उच्च माधमिक शिक्षा व्यवस्था में लागु करने का.क्यों की व्यक्तित्व निर्माण यहीं से आरम्भ होता है.

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  32. vinay tiwari7/25/2013 5:01 PM

    Chanakya Niti it's not only thoughts,It's true and in my view we should be follow it in our life style........

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    Replies
    1. Very well said Vinay..Indeed these are formulas to live a fabulous life..

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  33. Jo kaha bahut accha hai par sab condition k uper depand karta hai to phale apne ap ko analysis karo or socho ki jo hum kar rahe hai wo us time karna chahiye ki nahi because all depand on conditions sahi time par sahi war karna chahiye anyatha war unsuccessful ho jata hai so choose. Your perfect time and do it then you will we a successful human.
    Mail I'd jitender.bharadwaj@gmail.com

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  34. Love master niti

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  35. 17 line were true...///,,,

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    Replies
    1. Thank you Bittu..do share it with your friends and family..

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  36. Thank you Everyone for your comments thoughts and inputs..Do like and share the posts with your friends and family.

    Also lIke our facebook page and google+ page to support us..

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  37. great thoughts ,,truth of life

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  38. Grand salute to the great thinker n writer for there great contribution in hind . Really great proffessor n phillospher what a practiall knowledge he acquire....

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  39. we are realy live a good and perfect life if we stand on that words

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  40. I LIKE CHANKYA NITI..maine chndergupt morya ka hr episod dekha hai bt ab vo chanal bhi bnd or sirial bhi why

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  41. chankya neti very nice and i believe

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  42. Hello sir my name is manik kapoor I want to read whole part of chanakya niti . I am belongs to ambala city. Please let me know(manikkapoor008@gmail.com)how I can get either hindi or einglish version of chanakya niti in pdf formate.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. chanakya niti in hindi..
      https://archive.org/details/HindiBook-chanakya-neeti-darpan

      chanakya niti in english...
      http://ranjitsharmablog.blogspot.in/2012/09/chanakya-niti-shastra-download-ebook.html
      or
      http://www.hindisahityadarpan.in/2012/10/download-chanakya-neeti.html

      Delete
  43. Nice Thoughts

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  44. i realy like this. for a long time i want to read chanakya niti. please give chanakya niti to dawnload in hindi

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  45. Great Thoughts. I like the thoughts.

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  46. how can I download chanakya niti in hindi??? so that I can read it offline anytime please if anyone know..

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  47. It comes out of experience! Great even today it is worth!!!!!!

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